Deep in the Salcantay Mountains, a fortified hilltop city rises above the Apurimac River Valley.

Now known as Choquequirao (Cho-kay-key-raow; Quechua for Cradle of Gold), this city was likely constructed in the mid-1400s under the reign of Pachacutec, the same Inca responsible for the construction of Machu Picchu.

For roughly a century, Choquequiaro served as an administrative complex, a commercial and military gateway to the Amazon Region, and a ritual center.

Choquequirao ruins sitting on the mountainside, partially shrouded by clouds in Peru

In the 1530’s, the city sheltered the army of Manco Inca Yupanqui during his fight against the Spanish.

Although Choquequirao was stumbled upon by a few Europeans in the 1700s, it wasn’t widely-known until Hiram Bingham visited the site in 1909. Excavations began in the 1970s.

To date, only around 60% of the site has been uncovered.

Sunchu’u Pata

Choquequiaro crowns a hilltop (Sunchu’u Pata), 10,100 feet above sea level.

Like Machu Picchu and Bolivia’s Incallajta, Choquequirao mirrors the symbolic patterns of Cusco, the imperial capital.


Its ritual infrastructure includes sacred spaces dedicated to ancestors, sun, earth, water, and other divinities.

Guided Treks and Camping

A shorter version of this trek can also be arranged. Our treks include expert guides, cooks, porters, pack animals, meals, snacks, drinking water, tents and camping mattresses.

Sleeping bags can be provided for an additional fee, although most of our clients prefer to bring their own.

The central square is ringed by a temple, houses of elites and administrative buildings.

From the central square, Choquequiaro expands outward into a larger residential sector with storehouses, walls, aqueducts, and ingenious agricultural terracing.


Choquequirao can be reached with a two-day trek from the Cusco area. Our recommended roundtrip journey is five days and four nights:

Day 1: Cusco, Cachora, and the Apurimac River

Depart Cusco by van, heading north towards Abancay. Cross into Antapampa, enjoying breathtaking views of snowcapped Salcantay and Humantay.

As you leave the pampas, mounts Pitusiray, Chicon and Veronica come into view. Descend into Limatambo and visit the Inca site of Tarawasi, continuing to the Apurimac River and cross the gorge.

Near the village of Curawasi, visit the stone map of Sayhuite. Cross the bridge and descend to the village of Cachora, where your trek begins.

Carrying your daypack (porters and mules carry the camp gear), hike along the edge of Capuliyoc Mountain. Here you gain your first look at the Apurimac Canyon and its trail system.

Descend to the campsite at roughly 8,000 feet above sea level. Today’s hike covers approximately five miles (four to five hours).

White stone llama artwork built into stone wall at Choquequirao ruins in Peru

Day 2: Apurimac River to Choquequirao

Begin the day’s hike crossing the Apurimac footbridge, before making the long ascent to Marampampa—the meadow where you’ll rest for lunch. The afternoon portion of the ascent is not as steep.

Tonight, you’ll camp in the cloud forest near Choquequirao. Today’s hike covers approximately 4.5 miles (seven to eight hours).

Day 3: Choquequirao to Marampampa

Today you’ll embark on an in-depth exploration of Choquequirao with your expert guide. Spend the morning visiting the central complex.

In the afternoon, examine the outlying buildings and walk through the terracing. Some of these terraces are decorated with white stones, forming the shapes of people and animals. After lunch, descend to the campsite at Marampampa.

Today’s hike covers approximately 1.5 miles (approximately two hours).

Ancient ruins of Choquequiarao in Peru

Day 4: Marampampa to Cocamasana

Begin your descent toward the Apurimac River, stopping to enjoy lunch in the canyon. In the afternoon, head back uphill, towards Cachora.

Tonight, you’ll camp at Cocamasana, taking in spectacular views of the canyon.

Afterward, begin your descent towards the river, stopping for lunch at the bottom of the canyon. Today’s hike covers approximately 3.7 miles (six hours).

Day 5: Cocamasana, Cachora, and Cusco

Start the day with the final ascent to Capuliyoc. Afterward, the trail to the village of Cachora is relatively easy. There, you’ll be met by the vehicle that will return you to Cusco.

After a four-hour drive, you’ll arrive in the early evening. Today’s hike covers approximately 2.5 miles (three to four hours).

Sunset over the Andes in Peru near ancient ruin site, photographed on private hiking tour

At LANDED, each travel request is personal. After all, you’re trusting us with your most precious asset—free time with the people you care about. By getting to know you, we’ll create the most memorable, most exceptional trip of your life. Call us today at 801.582.2100. Dream big. We’ve got you.

“Archeology and ecology can go hand in hand.”

Carlos Salinas de Gortari

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