Inca Trail: The Classic Route

The Inca Trail

The Inca road system, or Capac Nan, was the most extensive road system in ancient South America.

In times past, dozens of routes connected the limits of the Inca Empire. Today, the most famous section extends from the Sacred Valley to Machu Picchu.

That route is strictly controlled, and advance purchase tickets are required.

Peru Inca Trail

LANDED has been arranging privately guided Inca Trail hikes and treks since 2006.

The classic route is a four-day, three-night camping trek, accompanied by local guides and supported by porters.

Although the trek is challenging, it’s non-technical and can be accomplished by young hikers.

Custom Hiking Treks

Hiking the Inca Trail no hardship—our custom packages can include goose-down comforters, hot water bottles, portable showers, and champagne toasts.

Peru Inca Trail

Although the locations of campsites and distances traveled vary seasonally, a representative schedule for the four-day / three-night Inca Trail hike would be:

Day 1

Transfer to the trailhead near Chilca, north of the Sacred Valley, to begin the trek.

Much of today’s hike follows the Urubamba River over fairly even terrain. Later in the day, the semi-arid landscape transitions to a more humid pampas zone.

Clear weather will permit distant views of Mt. Veronica. Camp near the terraces of Llactapata.

Day 2

The trail climbs into the mountains, past the uninhabited Inca town of Huayllabamba.

Rise through polylepsis woodland and into the puna grasslands, camping below cliffs that open up toward the Huayanay massif.

Majestic, cloud-shrouded views reward the day’s efforts.

Peru Inca Trail

Day 3

Hike over the highest pass on the trail, Warmiwanusca—the “Dead Woman’s Pass” at 13,776 feet above sea level—then descend to the forested Pacamayo Valley.

Next, ascend an Inca staircase past the lookout post of Runkuracay. At the top of the second pass, the view widens to the snowcapped Pumasillo range.

Down the trail, explore the ruins of Sayamarca before passing through the Inca Tunnel. Make camp on a third pass, overlooking the complex of Phuyupatamarca—the “Cloud-level Town.”

Day 4

Explore the ruins of Phuyupatamarca, before starting a long, knee-testing descent down Inca stairs to the site of Winay Wayna—or “Forever Young.”

Along the way, enjoy beautiful views of the valleys surrounding Machu Picchu. In the afternoon, follow the last stretch of trail across a steep mountainside.

Machu Picchu

Finally, pass through the Intipunku—or “Sun Gate”—to reach the city of Machu Picchu.

Prime hiking season is March to October, while November through January is wet and cloudy.

Inca Trail Reservations

The trail closes each February for maintenance. Reservations should be made months in advance, as authorities limit trail use.

Abbreviated treks—two days / one night, or day hikes—and February treks on other portions of the trail can also be arranged.

Longer treks pass the peaks and glaciers near Nevado Salcantay, before arriving in Machu Picchu.

Peru Inca Trailhead Machu Picchu
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